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Some Dancing Tips for Jive

© by Gert-Jan & Susie Rotscheid 

Abbreviations used in these notes

  • LOFP - Left Open Facing Position (facing partner, lead hands joined)
  • CP - Closed Position
  • SCP - Semi Closed Position
  • LOD - Line of Dance
  • RLOD - Reverse Line of Dance
  • PU - Pickup 

While sometimes people think of Jive as a "jumping dance," Jive is really a very "in the floor" dance. You can imagine that you have chewing gum or glue on your shoes, and you can't lift them up very high. 

The main pattern in this rhythm is a Jive chasse.  This is similar to a figure you already know---the side two-step---but quicker.  You could count the timing for the Jive chasse "quick-a-quick."  This chasse can be taken in any direction, with or without a turn. Throughout dancing the Jive, your weight should be felt mostly on the balls of your feet, but your heels will be very close to the floor. 

The basic figures in Jive have a "rock, recover, side-close, side, side-close, side," with the timing being "slow, slow, quick-quick, slow, quick-quick, slow." This we also call "normal jive timing." The "side-close, side" is also called a jive chasse or a triple. You will normally start with the lead foot. 

Most of the time, when a chasse is said to be forward or back, it is also slightly side---so not straight forward, not straight back.


Let's look at a few specific figures here, certainly not all of them, but enough to give you a basic understanding of the rhythm and some specific pointers. 

JIVE BASIC---Rock apart, recover, jive chasse, jive chasse. 

You will usually start in LOFP and will come to CP during the first chasse. Usually after this figure, your next "rock, recover" step will be a rock back in SCP. So you will both turn from CP to SCP, then do the rock back. (This is called a fallaway step; the position is a fallaway position. That is a position where you both take a step backwards in SCP.) 

FALLAWAY ROCK or FALLAWAY BASIC---Start in CP, turning to SCP both rock back, recover to face, jive chasse twice. 

FALLAWAY THROWAWAY---In this figure, the man's footwork is different than the lady's. You start it for both of you like the fallaway rock, so starting in CP, turn to SCP and both rock back, recover. 

Man - the man will now dance a jive chasse side and then a  chasse forward and side (making 1/4 left-face turn on these two triples) as he leads his partner away from him by keeping the joined lead hands low. If you start the figure facing wall, you will end in LOFP with the man facing LOD. 

Lady - the lady will dance a side chasse turning left-face going to a PU position, then she will finish the figure by making a back/side triple (chasse). 

LINK ROCK---This figure is like the opposite of the throwaway. Here, you come back together. 

The figure starts in LOFP and ends in CP. It turns right face, usually between 1/8 and 1/2. Normally, if started in LOFP with man facing LOD, it will end in CP with the man facing wall. You start the figure both doing a rock apart, recover, and like the throwaway, the chasse is different for the man and for the lady. 

Man - the man will now dance a jive chasse forward bringing his partner back to him. As the couple turns 1/4 right face, he will continue with a chasse side. 

Lady - the lady will chasse forward to her partner, as the couple turns 1/4 right face she will continue with a side chasse. 

CHANGE RIGHT TO LEFT 

The man's footwork on this figure will be similar to the fallaway throwaway. But in this figure (and in the "opposite" one, the Change Left to Right) the lady will make an underarm turn. To lead the lady into this turn, the man will raise joined lead hands. You start this figure generally in CP and end in LOFP. It usually turns 1/4, so if started with the man facing the wall it will normally end with the man facing LOD. 

CHANGE LEFT TO RIGHT 

As mentioned above, this is the "opposite" of a Change Right to Left. Here, the lady will make a left-face turn under the joined lead hands. You end the figure generally in LOFP, not in CP (unless told to). The figure also usually turns 1/4, but can turn up to 1/2. Usually, if you start in LOFP with man facing LOD, it will end in LOFP with man facing the wall. 

CHANGE HANDS BEHIND THE BACK 

In this figure the lady will use her right hand the whole time. The man will start with his left hand, and then during the first triple, he will change the lady's hand to his right hand, and on the last triple he will change back to his left hand. So the figure will start and end with lead hands joined. It is normal jive timing and starts and ends in LOFP. The whole figure makes a 1/2 turn. 

PRETZEL TURN 

The most important thing to remember about a pretzel turn is that you keep the joined lead hands low (and joined). Then you should only be able to turn the correct way. Keeping the hands low will help you to make the turn. It is normal jive timing. 

SPANISH ARMS 

In this figure you will keep both hands joined the whole time. The whole figure turns 1/2 right face. It is normal jive timing. It starts with a rock apart, recover. Here, if you did not have both hands joined, you must join them. The man in this figure will make about a 1/4 right face turn on each triple. The lady on the first triple will "wrap in" turning 1/4 left-face, then on the second triple she will "unwrap" by turning 3/4 right-face. 

AMERICAN SPIN 

The timing for an American Spin is normal jive timing. It starts and ends in LOFP, and the figure does not turn as a couple. The man does the footwork of a jive basic. After the rock apart, recover, the lady will come towards the man on her first triple. On the last step of this first triple, the lady will push off of the man's left hand and she will make a full right-face turn in place. Her second triple will be like the end of a jive basic---just a side-close, side. It is important here for both partners to have tension in the joined lead hands. Also, it is important that the man does not push the lady---he gives resistance as she pushes off herself. That way she can control her spin.


For a round world, Gert-Jan & Susie Rotscheid


this article was published in the
Dixie Round Dance Council (DRDC)
Newsletter, May 2010



If you would like to read other articles on dance position, technique, styling, and specific dance rhythms, you may visit the article TOC.

If you are not a member of DRDC, do consider joining. The group sponsors quarterly weekends with great dancing and teaching, and the newsletter is one of the most informative available.

Past DRDC Educational Articles by
Jim & Barbara German, ca. 2000-2001
Chris & Terri Cantrell, 2001-2005
Harold & Meredith Sears, 2005-present

Some articles and dance helps by
Sandi & Dan Finch
Gert-Jan & Susie Rotscheid


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